Novecento italiano. A History

Novecento Italiano includes a number of artists who felt they were the translators of the twentieth century, they came from different backgrounds, but linked by a common sense of returning to the origins of art, reinterpreted according to modernity: Novecento returns to have as supreme reference the classical antiquity, the purity of forms and the harmony in composition. A composite strand, which fully embeds itself in an assessed Sicily with multiple cultural contributions.

The Italian art of the twentieth century offers significant examples of a route that highlights on one side the importance of history, on the other leads us to reflect on the revolutionary aspects of the contemporary world. There is a strong thrust towards the future connoting the fertile utopias of the last century: it can seize the first signs in the work of Giacomo Balla and his young pupils Umberto Boccioni, Gino Severini, Mario Sironi, a pointillist prelude to the international adventure of Futurism, approached with great courage and documented by the works exhibited.

The climate of the Early Twenties is that of the "escape from vanguards", the "rappel à l'ordre", the "return to trade", which are pioneers Giorgio De Chirico, of Sicilian origin and Carlo Carrà from Piedmont. There is thus the metaphysical season of De Chirico and the particular realism of Carrà, also nourished by the metaphysical experience and the love for the Italian tradition, that will dominate his long creative life.

In this vein the exhibition gives tribute, not to mention the astonishing originality of Alberto Savinio, brother of De Chirico, and the whole Italian Impressionism of Filippo De Pisis.

The exhibition thus seeks to lead the visitor to a location in the lively cultural and artistic climate belonging to the XX century, passing from the vanguards of the Twenties to the novelty of "Gruppo Forma", attended by Pietro Consagra, Antonio Sanfilippo and many other masters animated by the will to be "Formalists and Marxists", without forgetting Mario Schifano, the most important exponent of what we might define the Italian response to American Pop Art.

A tribute to a season that has seen as protagonist Jannis Kounellis, who died recently, along with a series of many other artists who are reported to the vigor and the originality of unavoidable experiences.

Curated by Maria Teresa Benedetti

Sala Duca di Montalto of the Royal Palace Palermo


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